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Texas, Coastal Cameron

Coastal Hazard Statement, Flash Flood Watch

Statement as of 4:39 AM CDT on May 24, 2015

Expires 1:00 PM EDT on May 24, 2015

... High rip current risk remains in effect through Monday

* timing... a high risk Sunday and continuing through Monday.

* Impacts... frequent life threatening rip currents will develop
at area beaches... especially near the jetties.

Precautionary/preparedness actions...

There is a high risk of rip currents.

Rip currents are powerful channels of water flowing quickly away
from shore... which occur most often at low spots or breaks in The
Sandbar and in the vicinity of structures such as groins...
jetties and piers. Heed the advice of lifeguards and the beach
patrol. Pay attention to flags and posted signs.

If you become caught in a rip current... do not panic. Remain calm
and begin to swim parallel to shore. Once you are away from the
force of the rip current... begin to swim back to the beach. Do
not attempt to swim directly against a rip current. Even a strong
swimmer can become exhausted quickly.

448 am CDT sun may 24 2015

... Flash Flood Watch remains in effect until noon CDT today...

The Flash Flood Watch continues for

* a portion of deep south Texas... including the following
areas... Brooks... coastal Cameron... coastal Willacy... Hidalgo...
   inland Cameron... inland Willacy... Jim Hogg... Kenedy... Starr
and Zapata.

* Until noon CDT today

* the potential for additional showers and thunderstorms to
develop this morning and move across areas that have received
excessive rainfall over the past couple of weeks. Rainfall
amounts of 1 to 3 inches can be expected with isolated amounts
up to 4 inches. This will result in rapid runoff and inundation
of already flooded regions.

* Due to the very moist conditions of the grounds and soils in
the area... rapid flash flooding will be possible where heavy
rains develop.

Precautionary/preparedness actions...

A Flood Watch means that flooding is possible during the next
24 to 36 hours. Residents living in flood prone areas should take
action to protect property.

Residents... particularly those in flood prone areas... as well as
those living near small streams and creeks... should be prepared
to move to higher ground.

If possible... clear drainage systems of any debris which may
become clogged in flooding rains.

Record Report

Statement as of 5:40 AM CDT on May 24, 2015

... Record precipitation set at Brownsville...

A record rainfall of 3.11 inches has been received at the
Brownsville/South Padre Island International Airport since midnight.
This breaks the previous record of 2.95 degrees originally set in
1938. Rain is still ongoing... so the final daily total is likely to

Public Information Statement

Statement as of 5:49 AM CDT on May 24, 2015

... Public information statement...

... May 24th through 30th is hurricane preparedness week in Texas...

The honorable governor of Texas... Greg Abbott... has declared may
24th through 30th 2015 as hurricane preparedness week in Texas.

The following tropical weather topics will be discussed today and next

Today... ... ... ... ... ... hurricane history
Monday... ... ... ... ... ..Storm surge
Tuesday... ... ... ... ... .high winds and tornadoes
Wednesday... ... ... ... ..inland flooding
Thursday... ... ... ... ... marine impacts
Friday... ... ... ... ... ..Personal preparedness tips

Hurricanes have been part of Texas coastal history as long as the
state has been inhabited.

The great Galveston hurricane of September 8th 1900 remains the
worst natural disaster in the United States in numbers of lives
lost. An estimated 8000 persons were killed in the storm.
At the time... the population of Galveston was slightly over 20
thousand persons.

Driven by winds in excess of 125 mph... raging Gulf waters covered
the island to a depth up to 15 feet. Wooden buildings floated off
pilings and smashed into one another. As buildings collapsed and
disintegrated... occupants were thrust into the water and drowned. The
local weather office had sounded the alarm on the previous day... and
over 10 thousand people fled inland to safety. Of the 10 thousand
who did not evacuate... at least eight in ten perished.

While the Rio Grande Valley and deep south Texas have rarely seen a
storm the magnitude of the great Galveston hurricane... several
significant events have affected the area since the late 19th

September 1886: nearly 26 inches of rain inundated the city of
Brownsville from a storm that inched northward along the coast.

September 4th and 5th 1933: a thirteen foot storm surge inundated
coastal Cameron County. All dunes on South Padre Island were
leveled... and over 40 separate cuts were produced by the battering
surf. It is said that developed areas along the coast were
abandoned until after world War two. Significant wind damage was
common across the lower Rio Grande Valley... and wind gusts as high
as 125 mph were noted in portions of Cameron County... causing
complete destruction of a number of homes and businesses in
Brownsville and Harlingen.

September 20th 1967 - hurricane beulah: Beulah remains the
significant storm of record for longtime residents of the Rio Grande
Valley and deep south Texas. One or more impacts from
wind... flooding... and storm surge affected people from Cameron to
Zapata County. A ship in the port of Brownsville recorded winds of
136 mph... gusts to 109 mph were recorded at the Brownsville Airport
before the device was bent... and gusts to 100 mph were noted as far
inland as Pharr and Edinburg. A storm surge of 8 to 14 feet swept
across South Padre Island into Port Isabel.

The slowing storm eased across Willacy and Brooks County then moved
briefly into Duval and Webb County before returning southwest and
dissipating in northern Mexico. Beulah's slow movement and
relatively large size dropped tremendous rains across
Starr... Hidalgo... and Brooks County. An overflowing creek inundated
Falfurrias and excessive water flowing down the Rio Grande and into
adjacent floodways flood homes to their rooftops in Harlingen.

August 10th 1980 - hurricane allen: Allen... a formidable category 5
storm just 120 miles southeast of South Padre Island... weakened to a
category 3 just prior to landfall near Port Mansfield as dry air
infiltrated the cyclone. A brief wind gust of 138 mph was reported
at Port Mansfield where significant damage occurred. Reports had
buildings in Brownsville inundated with 4 feet or water... probably
from rainfall. Uninhabited Padre Island had 68 new cuts from the
impressive storm surge which reached 12 feet at Port Mansfield and
likely higher to the north. Several feet of water pushed into homes
near Boca Chica Beach... and rain... wind... and minor surge damage was
reported to hotels on South Padre Island.

2015 Marks the 35th anniversary of hurricane Allen... The Nightmare
that almost was.

August 23rd 1999 - hurricane bret: Bret will be remembered as the
storm that split the population centers of the lower Rio Grande
Valley and the Corpus Christi area. A dangerous category four storm
just prior to landfall... Bret weakened while approaching the coast
and weakened more rapidly soon after making landfall on uninhabited
Padre Island in northern Kenedy County. While Bret's worst impacts
largely affected cattle and Mesquite... there were impacts felt from
Sarita to Falfurrias where hurricane force winds and more than a
foot of rain caused significant damage. A peak gust of 98 mph was
recorded at the Brooks County Airport near Falfurrias... and
sustained wind of 73 mph were recorded at The Rincon del San Jose
buoy along the Laguna Madre in southern Kenedy County within the
eyewall before the equipment failed.

July 23rd 2008 - hurricane dolly: Dolly served as a reminder to the
residents of the Lower Texas coastline for the need to remain
vigilant during each and every hurricane season. Dolly's wind and
torrential rains caused damage and flooding across the Rio Grande
Valley to the tune of over one billion dollars... making it the 4th
most destructive Texas hurricane on record in raw value not adjusted
for inflation.

Sustained winds for most were largely below hurricane force... but an
area extending from the town of South Padre Island through Laguna
Vista and Port Isabel... Rio Hondo... Harlingen... and San Benito
experienced frequent gusts to hurricane force and widespread minor
to moderate wind damage to roofs... poorly designed buildings...
trees... and power lines and poles. Rainfall of 12 to 18 inches or
more produced widespread flooding in Cameron... Hidalgo... Willacy...
and even Starr County.

September 12th and 13th 2008 - hurricane ike: Texans and the nation
will remember Ike as the storm that swallowed the Bolivar Peninsula
northeast of Galveston... leaving nothing more than a few buildings
standing after a storm surge of at least 17 feet scraped the area
clean. Ike's large wingspan drove high water across the entire Gulf
of Mexico. It was Ike which caused severe beach erosion on the
South Padre Island beaches which have finally recovered in time for
the 2009 season. Ike's insured property damage of 13 billion dollars
(2013 adjusted value) dwarfed the second most damaging storm (alison
at 4.67 billion dollars) in 2001.

June 30th 2010 - hurricane alex: Alex made landfall about 100 miles
south of Brownsville. Impacts to the Rio Grande Valley were
initially minor... with a few small tornadoes and local flooding. The
remnants of Alex meandered through the Sierra Madre... dumping in
excess of 50 inches of rain which flowed into the Rio Grande basin.
The runoff required dam releases which spilled millions of gallons
of water into the river... flooding Rio Grande City with water levels
not seen in nearly 40 years. The floodways of the Lower Valley were
opened in early July and water up to 8 feet high flowed through them
for more than a month.

The effects of a tropical storm or hurricane can go well inland past
the Texas coast. Heavy rainfall... flooding and even tornadoes can
occur several hundred miles into the interior parts of the state.
That makes this week a perfect time for emergency planners... city
and County officials... the media... and the public to prepare for the
tropical threats. Schools... hospitals and nursing homes should
test... review and exercise their plans and make certain their
employees are ready. Finally... everyone living or visiting the Texas
coast must be prepared to move to safety in an organized and timely
fashion if necessary.

For additional information regarding hurricane history and
preparedness... please visit the following websites /use lower case/:

Hurricane Alex review:

Hurricane Dolly review:

Hurricane Ike review:

A Texas hurricane history:

Brownsville National Weather Service hurricane preparedness

Texas hurricane guide, Rio Grande Valley edition (available may 31)

Guia oficial de huracanes, la edicion para El Valle del Rio Grande
(disponible 31 de mayo)

National Hurricane Center preparedness Page

Weather Severe Map
Alabama - Coastal Hazard Statement , Public Information Statement
Alaska - Areal Flood Warning , Areal Flood Advisory, Areal Flood Watch , Areal Flood Watch , Fire Weather Warning , Record Report , Public Information Statement
Arizona - Record Report
Arkansas - Flood Warning , Flood Warning, Flash Flood Warning , Flash Flood Warning , Flash Flood Watch , Flash Flood Watch, Flood Advisory , Lake Wind Advisory
California - Beach Hazard Statement , Record Report
Colorado - Areal Flood Warning , Flood Warning , Flash Flood Watch , Public Information Statement
Connecticut - Special Statement , Public Information Statement
Florida - Coastal Hazard Statement , Beach Hazard Statement
Georgia - Coastal Hazard Statement , Public Information Statement
Idaho - Record Report
Kansas - Flood Warning, Areal Flood Warning , Flood Warning, Flash Flood Warning , Areal Flood Warning , Areal Flood Warning , Flash Flood Warning , Flood Warning , Flash Flood Watch , Areal Flood Advisory, Flash Flood Watch , Record Report , Public Information Statement
Louisiana - Flood Warning , Flash Flood Watch , Flash Flood Watch, Areal Flood Advisory
Maine - Record Report , Public Information Statement
Massachusetts - Special Statement
Michigan - Record Report
Minnesota - Flood Warning
Mississippi - Hydrologic Statement
Missouri - Flood Warning , Areal Flood Advisory, Flash Flood Watch , Flash Flood Watch
Nebraska - Areal Flood Warning , Flood Warning , Flood Advisory
Nevada - Record Report
New Jersey - Special Statement , Public Information Statement
New York - Special Statement , Public Information Statement
North Carolina - Public Information Statement
Oklahoma - Flood Warning, Flash Flood Warning , Flood Warning, Areal Flood Warning , Flood Warning , Flood Warning, Areal Flood Warning, Flash Flood Warning , Flash Flood Warning , Flash Flood Warning, Areal Flood Warning , Flash Flood Warning, Areal Flood Warning , Flood Warning, Flash Flood Warning, Areal Flood Warning , Areal Flood Warning , Flash Flood Watch , Record Report
Rhode Island - Special Statement
South Carolina - Public Information Statement
South Dakota - Flood Warning , Areal Flood Watch
Texas - Tornado Warning , Severe Thunderstorm Warning , Flash Flood Warning , Flash Flood Warning , Flood Warning, Areal Flood Warning , Flood Warning , Flood Warning, Flash Flood Warning , Areal Flood Warning , Coastal Hazard Statement, Flash Flood Watch , Flash Flood Watch , Areal Flood Advisory, Flash Flood Watch , Wind Advisory , Hydrologic Statement , Record Report , Public Information Statement
Utah - Record Report
Vermont - Special Statement
Wyoming - Areal Flood Warning , Flood Warning , Areal Flood Watch , Flash Flood Watch , Record Report
- Small Craft Advisory